Health and Wellness: A General Overview

Importance of Health

Good health starts with Purpose, activity, diet and sleep.
Good health starts with Purpose, activity, diet and sleep.

Health and wellness are essential components of an individual's life. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines the pillars of health as a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. These aspects of health are interconnected and must be balanced to achieve optimal health. The Pillars fall within the construct of Maslow's Hierarchy of needs.

  • Physical health refers to the state of our bodies, including our cardiovascular health, strength, and flexibility.

  • Mental health refers to our emotional and psychological wellbeing, including our ability to cope with stress and maintain positive relationships.

  • Emotional wellbeing refers to our ability to manage our emotions and maintain a positive outlook on life.

Maslow's hierarchy of needs underlines the key factors which underpin good health.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs underlines the key factors which underpin good health.

There are many factors that can affect our health, including our diet, exercise routine, sleep habits, stress levels, the environment and genetics.

1. A healthy diet is essential for maintaining good health. Eating a balanced diet that includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats can help prevent chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and cancer.

2. Regular exercise is also important for maintaining good health. Exercise can help improve cardiovascular health, strengthen muscles and bones, and improve mental wellbeing. It is recommended that adults engage in at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week.

3. Sleep is another important factor that can affect our health. Getting enough sleep is essential for maintaining good physical and mental health. Lack of sleep can lead to a variety of health problems, including obesity, diabetes, cognitive function and depression.

4. Stress can also have a significant impact on our health. Chronic stress can lead to a variety of health problems, including high blood pressure, heart disease, and depression. Learning to manage stress through techniques such as meditation, deep breathing, and exercise can help improve our overall health and wellbeing.

5. Environmental factors also impact an individual’s wellness negatively or positively depending on the environment they are exposed to regularly. Polluted air caused by trash burning causes respiratory illnesses which lead to reduced productivity levels due to frequent hospital visits hence affecting one’s general wellbeing adversely.

6. Genetic makeup also plays an important role in determining one's susceptibility towards various diseases inherited from parents or ancestors causing predisposing individuals towards certain conditions that affect their general wellness negatively if not managed properly through proper medical care.

Factor Affecting Health

Numerous benefits come with maintaining good health. These benefits include:

  • Increased energy levels.

  • Improved mood regulation

  • Better sleep quality

  • Better cognitive function

  • Happiness (Morton Ninomiya et al. 2020).

  • Additionally, healthy individuals are more productive in their respective fields of work leading to higher success rates compared to unhealthy individuals who may experience frequent absenteeism due to illness. (Morton Ninomiya et al. 2020)

By prioritizing your health, you are investing in your future and ensuring that you can live a long, happy, and fulfilling life. So why wait? Please head back to navigation and read through the relevant health topics

'He who has health has hope; and he who has hope has everything.' - Arabian proverb

Maintaining Health: Key Takeaways


Molla, M. (2014). Assessment of Factors Affecting Implementation of Nursing Process Among Nurses in Selected Governmental Hospitals, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Cross Sectional Study. Journal of Nursing & Care, 03(03).

Myers, J. E., & Bechtel, A. (2004). Stress, Wellness, and Mattering among Cadets at West Point: Factors Affecting a Fit and Healthy Force. Military Medicine, 169(6), 475–482.

Morton Ninomiya, M., George, N., George, J., Linklater, R., Bull, J., Plain, S., Graham, K., Bernards, S., Peach, L., Stergiopoulos, V., Kurdyak, P., McKinley, G., Donnelly, P., & Wells, S. (2020). A community-driven and evidence-based approach to developing mental wellness strategies in First Nations: a program protocol. Research Involvement and Engagement